The Atelje 212 Theater began its life on 12th November 1956, with the premiere concert of Gete's "Faust". The appearance of the Atelje 212 meant a turning point in the theater life of not only Belgrade, but also this part of Europe. The Atelje was established as a theater in which a new avant garde drama would be played, which had great influence in Europe at that time, and in addition, fulfilled the desire to have a theater that would be organized differently from the existing ones, which, first of all, would not be an institution. In the search for a suitable space, the reading room of the newspaper "Borba" was found, and Borislav Mihajlovic Mihiz called the new theater: Atelje 212. On 12th November 1956, the audience applauded and the public was benevolent towards this unusual theater with unusually performed plays.
The Atelje 212 was the first theater in Eastern Europe to play "Waiting for Godot" by Samuel Beckett, in 1956. The great success of this play has enabled a number of other avant garde dramas and authors to appear in the theater. Sartre, Faulkner, Ionesco, Camus, Pinter, Adamov, Różewicz, Joyce, Jarry, T.S. Eliot, Vitrac, Schisgal, Kopit, were first shown on this stage in front of the Yugoslav audience. The Atelje 212 Theater also discovered new local writers and performed plays by Brana Crncevic, Aleksandar Popovic, Dusan Kovacevic and others.
During the years that followed, the Atelje 212, through its performances, writers and directors, and especially through its great actors, grew into one of the most important theaters from this area.